Ocean freight for FCL

Ocean freight

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  • General goods
  • 13-20 days estimated transit time

Intro of Shipping lines

Providing you with different Shipping lines as belows:
for OA alliance: OOCL, COSCO, CMA, EMC(Ocean freight level: **** )
for THE alliance: ONE, YML, HPL(Ocean freight level: *** )
for 2M alliance: ZIM, MSK, HMM(Ocean freight level: ** )
or other: WHL, MATSON, SML(Ocean freight level: **)

Pros and cons for these SSL

1.For OA alliance: OOCL, COSCO, CMA, EMC

OOCL:
-PVSC and PCC1 routes dock at LBCT, with efficient unloading and an average shipping time of 14-18 days. Offering freezers to client
-Container shortages during peak season usually and cargo rolling

COSCO:
-Best service among standard ships, more affordable than Matson. SEA and SEAX routes average 16 days, with fast container pick-up at the automated LBCT terminal in LA. Offering freezers to client
-Container shortages during peak season usually

CMA:
-EXX route (Yantian-Ningbo-Shanghai-LA-Oakland-Honolulu) is designed for time-sensitive cargo with fast unloading in LA. EX1 route (Qingdao-Shanghai-Busan-LA-Oakland) is slower but still punctual. Offering freezers to client
-Container shortages often prevent order placements and pick-ups.

EMC:
-Dedicated terminal and fixed delivery services for HTW and CPS routes, with stable schedules and average sea time of 13-14 days from Yantian. Offering freezers to client
-Delays and warehouse issues during peak season usually

2. For THE alliance: ONE, YML, HPL

ONE:
-Suitable and ample options for many clients, and advantageous ocean freights for Hawaii. Offering freezers to client
-Delays and warehouse issues during peak season usually and cargo rolling

YML:
-There are some options for 45HQ during off season and still have ample spaces for different ports
-Container shortages during peak season usually

HPL:
-Suitable and ample options for many clients, and they have the advantageous ocean freights
-Poor flexibility in emergencies.

3. For 2M alliance: ZIM, MSK, HMM

MSK:
-One of the largest shipowners with extensive routes, ample space, transparent ocean freights, and convenient online booking.
-Relatively slow schedules, with risks of delays and cargo rolling

ZIM
-advantageous ocean freights for United State East Coast and ZEX e-commerce route with stable schedules and quick unloading, sailing from Yantian in 12-14 days
-Longer sailing time and Poor flexibility in emergencies.

HMM
-Accepts battery goods with required documentation, offers freezers and dry-freeze cabinets, handles dangerous goods, and provides competitive ocean freights.
-Occasionally slow bill of lading.

4.Other: WHL, MATSON, SML

WHL:
-Advantageous ocean freights from Shanghai/Ningbo/Yantian to LB, NYC
-Not every client accept long transit time

Matson:
-Matson Express has two routes: CLX (regular) and CLX+ (overtime), from Shanghai to Long Beach in 10-11 days, the fastest from China to the US West Coast. Regular ships dock at a private terminal, ensuring fast unloading and stable schedules. Overtime ships use public docks, leading to slower unloading unless docked privately.
-Highest ocean freights among US shipping lines and limited to the West Coast (LB port).

SML:
-Advantageous ocean freights for Canada and faster transshipment in Vancouver,BC
-Not much options for clients

Components of Ocean Freight Charges

When shipping goods via sea, the total ocean freight cost comprises several components, each representing different aspects of the transportation process. Understanding these components can help in better managing and anticipating shipping expenses. Here are the key components of ocean freight charges:

1. Basic Ocean Freight

This is the core cost charged by the carrier for transporting goods from the port of origin to the port of destination. It is usually calculated based on the weight or volume of the cargo, whichever is higher.

2. Bunker Adjustment Factor (BAF)

Also known as fuel surcharge, this fee covers fluctuations in fuel prices. The BAF can vary depending on the route and the current price of fuel.

3. Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF)

This surcharge is applied to account for fluctuations in exchange rates between the currency used by the shipping line and the currency of the payment.

4. Terminal Handling Charges (THC)

These are fees for the handling of cargo at the port terminals, both at the port of origin and the port of destination. This includes the cost of loading and unloading containers from the vessel.

5. Port Charges

These charges cover the cost of using port facilities and services. They can include pilotage, mooring, and dock fees.

6. Container Freight Station (CFS) Charges

If the cargo involves less-than-container-load (LCL) shipments, CFS charges are applied for consolidating and deconsolidating cargo at the container freight stations.

7. Documentation Fees

These fees cover the cost of preparing and processing shipping documents, such as bills of lading, manifests, and customs paperwork.

8. Peak Season Surcharge (PSS)

During high-demand periods, such as holidays or major trade seasons, carriers may apply an additional surcharge to manage increased demand and congestion.

9. Security Surcharge

This fee is imposed to cover costs related to security measures for the shipment, such as compliance with international shipping security regulations.

10. Demurrage and Detention Fees

  • Demurrage: Charged when containers are held at the port terminal beyond the free time allowed.
  • Detention: Charged when the container is held outside the port terminal beyond the allowed free time.

11. Freight Forwarder Fees

If a freight forwarder is involved, there may be additional fees for their services, including booking, coordination, and documentation.

12. Inland Transportation Costs

If the shipment requires transportation from the port to an inland destination, additional costs for trucking or rail services will be included.

13. Insurance

While not always mandatory, insurance costs to cover the cargo against potential losses or damages during transit can be a component of the overall shipping costs.

Understanding these components helps in accurately budgeting for sea freight and anticipating additional costs that may arise during the shipping process. For more detailed and specific information, always refer to the terms and conditions provided by the shipping carrier or consult with a freight forwarder.

Type of Containers

Container TypeInternal Dimensions(L x W x H)Door Opening(W x H)Cubic CapacityCargo Weight
20GP5.89 x 2.35 x 2.36m2.33 x 2.26m33m³21,700kgs
40GP12.05 x 2.35 x 2.36m2.33 x 2.26m68m³26,500kgs
40HQ12.05 x 2.35 x 2.69m2.33 x 2.59m76m³26,500kgs
45HQ13.56 x 2.35 x 2.70m2.34 x 2.58m85m³27,600kgs